|Beijing Scene, Volume 5, Issue 9, May 21 - 27|
Political Scholastic Aptitude Test (PSAT)
In how many of these instances did a democratic government, respectful
of human rights, occur as a direct result? Choose one of the following:
Stay in School
Foreign programs including news, movies, variety and talk shows, are
reaching tens of millions of Chinese households illegally, much of it
from Chinese-speaking Taiwan.
Cardboard boxes of equipment shown being confiscated by the police
were clearly labeled "made in Taiwan."
Only tourist hotels and housing compounds for foreigners are allowed
to receive satellite signals. However, foreign programming is widely
picked up for rebroadcast by hundreds of cable television operators
all over China.
The Beijing Daily published a 1993 State Council circular banning
unauthorized satellite reception and threatening fines and jail terms.
The newspaper carried the number of a telephone hotline encouraging
citizens to report on illegal broadcasts.
Hong Kong-based Phoenix, which is 45 percent owned by Rupert Murdoch's
News Corp., along with News Corp.'s Star TV and other broadcasters have
attracted a host of Chinese advertisers through their lively content
that contrasts with China's own stodgy television fare.
Phoenix and Star TV are free-to-air, but other channels are being
widely viewed with encryption decoders.
It was not immediately clear how free-to-air broadcasts would be affected,
but one hotline operator said Phoenix would be targeted in the crackdown.
The clampdown comes in a politically sensitive year that includes
the 50th anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic in October.
Nukes R Us
It is the first tourism scheme of its kind in China, the report says.
Wen Ho Lee was fired from the Los Alamos nuclear lab earlier this
year after officials accused him of violating lab security rules, although
they admitted they had no conclusive evidence that Wen spied for China.
Sex and the City
Fast changes in social mores since the introduction of market reforms
in the early 1980s have brought on an explosion of promiscuity and as
a result STDs, Chinese doctors say, citing low levels of risk-awareness
among ordinary Chinese.
Cases of AIDS and infection of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
that causes it are expected to hit one million by 2000.
Health ministry statistics show that 12,580 HIV/AIDS cases were reported nationwide by the end of last year, but officials estimate that up to 400,000 Chinese are unknowingly infected.